Why is composting important for the environment?
When your kitchen scraps are thrown away in a plastic bag and sent to landfill, it releases methane, a greenhouse gas which is more potent than carbon dioxide. And more than half of the household waste produced is organic waste.
So imagine the amount of waste you are saving from going to the landfills by composting.
Now, how can you compost at home in a pot/bucket:
1. Add a layer of market bought/ previously made compost in a bucket/ terracotta pot to allow microbes to enter this pit. You can even add buttermilk to kickstart the microbial activity.
2. Next, add a layer of your organic waste. Most of your food waste comes under organic waste.
3. Follow this up by adding a layer of brown dry leaves or newspaper cuttings, on top of layer of organic waste. Dry leaves are better but if you don't have dry leaves at home, then newspaper cuttings should do.
4. You can create 2-4 alternating layer like this with one layer of your waste and one of the dry matter (newspaper/dry leaves)
5. Add another layer of market bought/ previously made compost to allow microbes to enter this pit. You can even add buttermilk to kickstart the microbial activity.
Pro tip: Make sure to use a bucket/ pot with holes at the bottom to allow oxygen to enter the pit. This will keep the smell at bay and protect the compost from insects.
What products to avoid adding to your compost heap?
Animal products (bones, meat etc), dairy products (cheese, yoghurt, milk), animal excreta.
If you don't want to make a compost heap at home, you can still save the environment by dividing your waste in two different dustbins: one for organic waste and one for dry waste.
What comes under organic and dry waste?
Organic waste: vegetable peels, used tea, fruits, leftovers, etc. These are basically biodegradable organic waste that can also be composted.
Dry waste: things like paper, glass, plastic, cardboard, styrofoam, rubber, metal, food packaging material, etc come under dry waste. Even milk cartons and packets go into a dry waste bin.
Let's do our bit for the environment and start separating our waste today